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The prevalence of youth who have been diagnosed with defiant oppositional disorder (ODD) ranges between 2-16 %.The highest rates are found among males during childhood, however; in adolescence, female rates are similar to those of males. There is a high percentage of children with defiant oppositional disorder will eventually exhibit conduct or behavior disorder. There is evidence that the features of stubbornness are more prevalent in males who exhibit rough characteristics in kindergarten.

Oppositional defiant disorder is prevalent among young children and adolescents. The diagnosis of oppositional defiant disorder requires that these behaviors are repeated much more than other children of the same age or developmental level. These behaviors strongly debilitate performance in home and school. The specific features of oppositional defiant disorder include a pattern of persistent negative behavior and behavior of opposition, with the existence of symptoms of stubbornness, losing temper repeatedly, arguing with adults, deliberately disturbing others, blaming others, discomfort, anger, revenge, and disobedience which is considered as the most disturbing behavior for adults who work or live with these students. Disobedience refers to the behaviors to behaviors that include failure to meet adult requests in a timely manner (10-15 seconds), failure to accomplish the tasks required, and failure to follow the rules previously adopted. Oppositional behaviors refer to behaviors that include failure refer to behaviors that include verbal or physical rejection of the response.